Conclusion

Basically, we can draw to the conclusion that palm waste generation will be on grid generation whereas the others sources including rice husk and rice straw will be non-grid power generation. The latter shall be planned for community-based rural electrification to partly displace diesel generation at this stage.

Sarawak Energy shall recommend to the Government to formulate and implement policies on biomass utilization by taking into account the promising ways of utilizing biomass waste as renewable and sustainable energy fuel source for energy production. Having the regulations and guidelines on biomass utilization in the state will permit the vigorous growth in biomass power generation in the aspect of assurance and security of feedstock supply and demand.

A Biomass Policy for the state is timely and vital to the long-term development of spin off activities which utilizing biomass and positioning Sarawak as an environmentally friendly state. Inter alia the policy would contain:

• Maximum and systematic utilization of biomass
• Sustainable development
• Creation of new business opportunities
• Pricing mechanism (feedstock and electricity)
• Incentives and regulatory framework for biomass utilization

We shall continually look for the best mechanism for optimizing the utilization of palm oil and paddy biomass in the state including by mapping out the potential biomass plants throughout the Sarawak periodically. The possible ways include (1) dividing the palm oil mills and paddy field into zones or clusters (2) encourage developers or IPPs utilizing all types of biomass inclusive of POME for power generation. Furthermore, the utilization of LFG and sewage sludge shall be considered once the best technology has been identified in line with the maturity of these sources for power generation.