Community and Individual Rights
A comprehensive report recording the State’s strong performance on human rights was submitted to the United Nations Human Rights Council Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of Human Rights in Malaysia in late 2013. This is the strongest possible level of transparency and underlines our total commitment to the protection of human rights.
The development of hydropower and other natural resources in the state supports basic human rights and represents a wellconsidered strategy designed to maximise the well-being of the people and accelerate the rate of economic progress of the state.
The strategy brings the affected native communities, living in remote interior regions and traditionally dependent on subsistence farming or semi-nomadic lifestyle, into the mainstream of Malaysian society, while ensuring recognition and protection of their indigenous rights.
Sarawak Energy’s major projects are guided by the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).
At the United Nations Human Rights Council Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of Human Rights in Malaysia, Sarawak state and Sarawak Energy share the State’s strong progress on human rights with respect to hydropower development. At the forum, Director of Sarawak Energy and State Legal Counsel YBhg Datuk JC Fong is quoted as saying, “Sarawak, (and Sarawak Energy) has taken, and continues to take, all the necessary steps to ensure the proper respect for human rights of indigenous and other project-affected peoples in hydropower development for their overall well-being.
The development of the State’s hydropower and other natural resources supports basic human rights and represents a well-considered strategy designed to maximize the wellbeing of the people and accelerate the rate of economic progress of the State of Sarawak. The strategy brings the affected native communities, living in remote interior regions of the State and traditionally dependent on subsistence farming or semi-nomadic lifestyle, into the mainstream of Malaysian society, while ensuring recognition and protection of their indigenous rights.
Through this process, affected indigenous communities have secured new opportunities and better educational and health amenities for their present and future generations, whilst preserving their cultural identities and native traditions. To this end, the State provides the directly-affected peoples a level of compensation, the scope and quantum of which exceeds that provided in any similar hydropower project in Southeast Asia and which should ensure the multi-generational welfare of the recipients.
By reflecting on insights derived from exposure to international best practice, and implementing lessons learned from earlier hydropower developments, Sarawak has made steady, and even strong, progress in the application of best practices, including as regards the quality of its constructive engagement with the native communities directly-affected by the implementation of hydropower projects.
Nonetheless, the State acknowledges that it and Sarawak Energy still have much to learn. In its journey of continuous improvement, Sarawak will continue to be guided by both the lessons learned from previous experience in Sarawak and the standards and procedures developed by countries and institutions engaged in similar endeavours.”